Levin College Forum

The 2nd Annual Norman Krumholz Future of Urban Planning Lecture Series

Equity Planning in the Divided City: The Gentrification Conundrum

Tuesday, October 1, 2019
4:00pm - 6:00pm, Reception to Follow

Roberta Steinbacher Atrium
Levin College of Urban Affairs
Cleveland State University
1717 Euclid Avenue
Cleveland, OH 44115
Note: 2.0 AICP CM credits are available for this event.
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About This Lecture Series

In 2018, the Maxine Goodman Levin College at Cleveland State University announced the launch of the Annual Norman Krumholz Future of Urban Planning Lecture Series, the first of which was held on September 26, 2018 at the Levin College. Dean Roland V. Anglin said of the series: “The College is thrilled to initiate this tribute to Norm Krumholz. His life and career have been devoted to advocating for planning that truly help people and places thrive. We wanted to create a continuing way to expand the question of people and place opportunity in Urban Planning, a field so important to Norman’s scholarship and professional engagement.”

Each year, the College convenes a nationally known panel of experts in the field of urban planning to select an exemplary scholar or practitioner to deliver the lecture. Through this series, we aspire to provoke an important conversation in the College and field of urban planning at large, while playing a critical role in our ongoing effort to be a thought leader in urban planning.

Norman Krumholz

Dr. Norman Krumholz Norman Krumholz is an Emeritus Professor of Urban Studies at the Levin College of Urban Affairs. A legendary city planner, community development leader, and planning professor, Professor Krumholz worked as a planning practitioner in Ithaca, Pittsburgh, and Cleveland, where he served in the mayoral administrations of Ralph J. Perk, Dennis Kucinich, and Carl Stokes, America's first African-American, big-city mayor.

As a planning practitioner, Krumholz enjoys a national reputation as an early champion of equity planning, defined as considering the impact of any decision on a city's poorest residents, and as enhancing the opportunities of those who have the fewest choices.

Krumholz is a past-president of both the American Planning Association and the American Institute of Certified Planners. In 1987, he was awarded the Prize of Rome from the American Academy of Rome. He has written or edited five books on planning and urban neighborhoods, and has published articles in many professional journals. His book, Making Equity Planning Work: Leadership in the Public Sector (with Professor John Forester) won the Paul Davidoff award from the Associated Collegiate Schools of Planning for the best progressive book of the year.

Dr. Todd Swanstrom

Dr. Todd SwanstromGuest speaker for the 2019 Future of Urban Planning Lecture is Dr. Todd Swanstrom. As Des Lee Professor of Community Collaboration and Public Policy Administration at the University of Missouri – St. Louis, (UMSL), Todd Swanstrom specializes in urban politics and public policy. He has an MA from Washington University (1971) and a Ph.D. from Princeton (1981). Prior to joining UMSL, Todd taught at Saint Louis University and the Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy at the University at Albany (SUNY).  He also worked as a neighborhood planner in Cleveland and as the Director of Strategic Planning for the City of Albany, NY.  Todd’s book, The Crisis of Growth Politics:  Cleveland, Kucinich, and the Challenge of Urban Populism (Temple University Press, 1985) won the Best Book Award from the Urban Section and Policy of APSA. His co-authored Place Matters: Metropolitics for the Twenty-first Century (U. Press of Kansas, 3rd edition, 2014) won the Michael Harrington Award from the New Politics Section of APSA.  In 2011, he published a co-edited volume, Justice and the American Metropolis (University of Minnesota Press), which develops the idea of “thick injustice.”  He is presently working on a book tentatively entitled The Good Neighborhood:  Why It’s Threatened and What We Can Do About It.  Todd has used the resources of his endowed professorship to support the Community Builders Network of Metro St. Louis, which is working to build great neighborhoods throughout the St. Louis region.

Lecture Overview
Equity Planning in the Divided City: The Gentrification Conundrum

Equity planning emerged in the 1970s when the urban crisis was at its peak. Suburbanization and deindustrialization were draining cities. Equity planners worked to help those who were left behind. Times have changed. The forces of re-urbanization are gaining strength. The creative knowledge economy is clustering in cities -- bringing with it the urban gentry.  Gentrification presents a conundrum for equity planners: it is bringing badly needed investment and residents into cities but at the same time it threatens to displace low-income families by raising rents. How should equity planners respond? The key is to understand that we live in an age of simultaneous de-urbanization and re-urbanization – decentralization and recentralization. We cannot understand one without the other and it is the job of equity planners to link the two.

Related Levin Research

Levin College scholars are committed to the advancement of cities through sustainable and equitable economic and social development. In their article, “The Divergent City: Unequal and Uneven Development in St. Louis,” Levin professors Dr. J. Rosie Tighe and Dr. Joanna P. Ganning share that in St. Louis, as in many other cities, decline and displacement occurred when key policies, prejudices, and plans interacted with broad economic restructuring to devastate poor and minority communities, while leaving White and middle-class communities largely intact. Amidst overall population loss and neighborhood decline are pockets of prosperity and gentrification within the central city. In this article, they analyze three significant planning interventions in St. Louis, Missouri, that spurred displacement of populations—urban renewal, triage, and the foreclosure crisis. They argue that the differential experiences of Black and White during each of these periods represent two faces of development: one in the north of the city that is largely Black, experiencing vacant land, high crime, and crumbling infrastructure; another in the south of the city that is largely White, enjoying pockets of vibrant commercial development, larger homes, and stable real estate markets. They analyze each period through a framework of uneven and unequal development and displacement, which we call the Divergent City Theory. Based on this theory, planners face an ethical obligation to plan for the future of their cities in a way that seeks to reconcile the structured race and class inequalities of the divergent city.


APA Cleveland

2019 APA Ohio Planning Conference

Following Levin’s “Equity Planning in the Divided City: The Gentrification Conundrum” lecture on October 1, be sure to check out the 2019 APA Ohio Planning Conference as they celebrate 100 years of planning in Ohio on October 2-4 here in Cleveland. 

Some innovate. Some adapt. The unsuccessful do neither. APA hopes to sustain, improve, and anticipate the needs of the places and the people who benefit from their work. To EVOLVE. Speakers and sessions will explore this journey – where they started, how they grew, and where they are going as planners and community champions. Learn More. »